CIRCEE
Centre d’Information, de Recherche et de Consultation sur les Expériences Exceptionnelles

Categories

Accueil > Actualités > Actions idéomotrices et mémoire implicite

Actualités
20 décembre 2012

Actions idéomotrices et mémoire implicite

La revue Consciousness and Cognition a publié ce mois-ci un article d’une équipe canadienne sur les actions idéomotrices (voir notre article ici). L’équipe a utilisé un ouija pour tester si la mémoire sémantique implicite de long terme, non-accessible consciemment, pouvait générer pouvait être exprimée via l’effet idéomoteur. Les chercheurs rapportent que le taux de réponses correctes aux questions posées aux participants était supérieur avec le ouija (comparé aux réponses directes) lorsque le sujet ne connaissait pas consciemment les réponses. Le ouija pourrait alors s’avérer utile pour explorer les processus cognitifs implicites.

Résumé :

Ideomotor actions are behaviours that are unconsciously initiated and express a thought rather than a response to a sensory stimulus. The question examined here is whether ideomotor actions can also express nonconscious knowledge. We investigated this via the use of implicit long-term semantic memory, which is not available to conscious recall. We compared accuracy of answers to yes/no questions using both volitional report and ideomotor response (Ouija board response). Results show that when participants believed they knew the answer, responses in the two modalities were similar. But when they believed they were guessing, accuracy was at chance for volitional report (50%), but significantly higher for Ouija response (65%). These results indicate that implicit semantic memory can be expressed through ideomotor actions. They also suggest that this approach can provide an interesting new methodology for studying implicit processes in cognition.

Points-clés :

► Ideomotor actions are unconsciously-initiated, thoughts-expressing movements. ► Evidence that internally-induced ideomotor actions can express implicit knowledge. ► Evidence that ideomotor responses can be more accurate than volitional responses when an answer is not believed to be known. ► Evidence that volitional response can override a correct ideomotor response when an answer is believed to be known. ► Useful new methodology for studying implicit cognition using ideomotor actions.

Référence :

Hélène L. Gauchou, Ronald A. Rensink, Sidney Fels, Expression of nonconscious knowledge via ideomotor actions, Consciousness and Cognition, Available online 28 February 2012, ISSN 1053-8100, 10.1016/j.concog.2012.01.016.

Lien vers l’article ici.


Warning: mysql_query(): Unable to save result set in /home/circee/www/ecrire/req/mysql.php on line 193